Bottled water is drinking water (e.g. well water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in plastic or glass water bottles. Bottled water may be carbonated or not. Although vessels to bottle and transport water were part of the earliest human civilizations (Rong, Xu Gan; Fa, Bao Tong, 2013) bottling water began in the United Kingdom with the first water bottling at the Holy Well in 1622, (Malvern Hills District Council, 2014).
In 1973, DuPont engineer Nathaniel Wyeth patented polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles, the first plastic bottle to be able to withstand the pressure of carbonated liquids(Wyeth, Nathaniel, 2014). Today, PET plastic has replaced glass as the preferred material for single-serving bottled water containers due to its light weight and resistance to breaking, (American Chemistry Council, 2013).
Some of the more common types of bottled water are (“Consumer Resources”. nsf.org, 2015).
- Artesian water – this is water that originates from a confined aquifer that has been tapped and in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer.
- Fluoridated – this type of water contains added fluoride. This category includes water classified as “For Infants” or “Nursery.”
- Groundwater – this type of water is from an underground source that is under a pressure equal to or greater than atmospheric pressure.
- Mineral water – water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds. It comes from a source tapped at one or more bore holes or spring, and originates from a geologically and physically protected underground water source. No minerals may be added to this water.
- Purified water – this type of water has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis, or other suitable processes.
- Sparkling water – Sparkling water contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had at emergence from the source or added artificially. The carbon dioxide may be removed and replenished after treatment.
- Spring water – this type of water comes from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the Earth’s surface.
- Well water – well water is taken from a hole tapping, etc. This hole may be bored, drilled, or otherwise constructed in the ground.
As a company we are committed to giving quality service to our clients who do bottling both small and large scale.We also offer water testing contract services for water bottling companies.